8171 ehsaas program 25000 bisp news – TechShinka

8171 ehsaas program 25000 bisp news – TechShinka

Introduction

The Ehsaas Program and the Benazir Income Support Program (BISP) are two of the largest social safety net programs implemented in Pakistan that aimed at reducing poverty levels and assisting the poor and vulnerable people. Each of the programs has experienced through several stages of development and growth for its purpose to deliver cash assistance, health, and education to many households.

This article discusses the details of Ehsaas Program, with reference to 8171 Ehsaas Emergency Cash through which families deserving PKR 25000 were given, and the BISP Sheilain Pakistani society. In this regard, it is important to discuss that the following programs have been formulated regarding its objectives, achievements, implementation, and challenges to highlight the importance of such programs to promote the social welfare of people in Pakistan.8171 ehsaas program 25000 bisp news - TechShinka

The Ehsaas Program: An Overview

It will involve welfare, with the intent on reducing systematic poverty by providing basic needs, medical supplies, school fees, and job opportunities, among others. They signify that Pakistan possesses the largest social protection spectrum at any given point in history with a coverage of more than 134 policy measures implemented to date.

Key Components of the Ehsaas Program

Ehsaas Emergency Cash Program: This was an initiative that was started during the COVID 19 crises in order to offer quick and basic support to families at the lowest income level. Using the 8171 SMS service, the families could assess their entitlement and receive an initial one-off cash amount of Rs. 12,000, which was enhanced to Rs. 20,000 for some sub-categories of the beneficiary under the programme.

 It also seeks to encourage women to use smartphone and open bank accounts as part of the plan.

  1. Ehsaas Nashonuma Program: This being a targeted intervention in the areas of maternal and child health, benefit deliversNutritional support and/or Cash transfers to Pregnant and lactating mothers as well as Children below two years of age.
  2. Ehsaas Scholarship Program: This program awards for tuition fees for each course and stipend for undergraduate programs to support education for needy students to level up to higher education.
  3. Ehsaas Interest-Free Loans: This is a plan aimed at encouraging the culture of doing business with an added bonus of giving interest-free loans to those that are in bad needs, most especially women and the youth.

Objectives of the Ehsaas Program

Reducing poverty and social injustices in the society.
Effective job creation for the unemployed and stimulating the economic growth.
We can increase funding for education and healthcare as this would ensure that more people receive access to these crucial services.
Enhancing social protection mechanisms.
Promoting the goals to empower women and other marginalized groups.

Implementation and Outreach

To avail the relief, the households could visit the official website supporting the plan or type their CNIC numbers at 8171.

Verification: After registration of the applicants, the details provided by them were further cross-checked through the government records to identify that the help extended has been provided to the genuine families. This furthermore assisted in the prevention of fraud and brought about some form of accountability within the system.

Disbursement: The eligible families were given a one-time cash grant of PKR 12,000 (subsequently enhanced to PKR 25,000 in respect of certain categories), and these cash grants were disbursed through the banking corridors and ATM in the country. This was made possible through biometric verification to avoid aid being given to the wrong persons.

Impact and Achievements

The 8171 Ehsaas Emergency Cash program has become a major influential factor in a number of Pakistan households. Key achievements include:

Wide Reach: The program was able to distribute small cash grants to over 15 million families or close to 100 million people got some form of relief from poverty.
Economic Relief: Aid Given was useful in giving support to the households compel; by the economic impact of the virus such as loss of jobs, business losses among others.
BISP was set up in 2008 to grant stipends to the needy and non-working women while focusing on families living in the poverty line. A) Over the course of its operation, BISP has adapted and includes several features needed to combat its keyareas of focus defined as poverty and social injustice.

Key Components of BISP

Unconditional Cash Transfers (UCT): This is the most important part of BISP as it focuses on distributing cash pay- ments periodically to the targeted families. The programme aims at women as the main beneficiaries mainly to help them be economically advantageous.

Waseela-e-Taleem: Waseela-e-Taleem is another education intervention in BISP where more incentives are given for children in the school age from the beneficiary families to enroll them in school and attend on a regular basis.

Waseela-e-Rozgar: The employment and income generation component of this program will further seek to improve employability of BISP beneficiaries and training in vocational skills for income generation activities.

Waseela-e-Haq: This will enhance self-reliancy since this initiative offer interest free-repayment loans so that beneficiaries use the working capital to start small businesses.

Objectives of BISP

BISP has primary targeted to reduce poverty by providing financial assistance and imparting abilities of self employed women and other beneficiary groups. Its specific objectives include:

Offering, directly and in the short term, some monetary support to vulnerable households.
The advancement of women’s rights with particular emphasis on Gender Equality.
Education and training to boost people’s prospects for gainful employment.
Groups which focus on income generating initiatives and affordances for economic participation.

Impact and Achievements

Still, over the years, BISP has bounced to the raw optimisms by putting through enhancing the socio-economic status of millions of families in the country. Key achievements include:

Reduction in Poverty: Lack of spending of poverty reduction grants has also affected BISP which is considered the primary tool in poverty reduction since it has the ability to offer constant financial assistance to the poorest of households.
Women’s Empowerment: Therefore, by focusing on women as the primary beneficiaries of BISP, this study realized the improvement of the social-economic status of women within the communities.
Increased School Enrollment: Due to Waseela-e-Taleem a large number of children belonging to the families recipient of this opportunity have reported in schools and have regular attendance.
Challenges and Criticisms

However, there are certain abuses and criticisms of the two programmes, namely the Ehsaas Program and BISP, which are as follows.

Operational Challenges

Targeting and Coverage: The other major issue that has been noticed in this context is the difficulty in achieving the right targeting and achieving the coverage of all deserving households. This is the reason why there have been documented cases of people who have been given the benefits but they were not supposed to benefit from it in the first instance because of errors made on how they were identified.

Fraud and Corruption: However certain steps have been taken in order to control cases of fraud, cases of embezzlement of funds and acts of corruption have been observed.

Sustainability: The challenge that the government faces is to maintain such programs in the long run given relatively fewer financial resources due to the nature of economic crises.

Criticisms

Dependency: Some economists opine that while granting cash transfers is a noble cause, beneficiaries ultimately become more desperate about their need for money, thus they do not work, save, or try to fix their situations.

Implementation Gaps: It has been also remarked that there are problems with the offer in terms of timely allocation of the financial resources and problems in the process of delivery of services.

Political Influence: Many ordinary critics argue that it is chronic with political considerations even overriding the distribution of benefits, making these programs partial and inefficient.

Conclusion

Ehsaas Program and Benazir Income Support Program (BISP) are the recognized aspects of the welfare state of Pakistan and are helpful to millions of families to sustain their livelihood. Nevertheless, both programs have had positive impacts on poverty reduction and social justice and equity; the two programs suffer from a number of key factors that need to be solves for improvement and sustainability.

 

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